What is Private international law?
International law can be divided into two main branches: Private international law, which is the set of rules applicable to the relationships of private persons of a different nationality. Its purpose is to resolve conflicts of laws arising from relations between foreign persons, in particular, to know which law applies to the relationship and to deal with conflicts of jurisdiction. Public international law, the purpose of which is to regulate the relations existing between States or international organizations. It includes treaties, customary law, Principles of a general practice accepted as rules of law. International law is the set of rules and regulations which govern relations between states and international organization (Public International Law) or between private persons in an international context (Private International Law). The norms of international law are made up of legal instruments ratified by several States: agreements, conventions, protocols and international treaties. They can be bilateral (between two States or International organizations) or multilateral (between several States). The signatory States undertake to apply these rules in their territory.
Private international law concerns the relationships between citizens of different countries. Take the example of a couple who were married in Italy and now live in France and come to Canada for a visit. If they wish to divorce, it is the rules of private international law that will allow them to know whether it is which court will be able to pronounce their divorce. Private international law also concerns businesses. Today, with globalization and social media, there is more and more trade between countries. This is, for example, the case when you browse the Internet and buy an item that is sold by a European company. If you have a significant problem with your purchase and you decide to sue the company, the rules of private international law will apply.
CIFILE has established an International Contract Law Division to assist individuals, companies and governments for negotiation and drafting contract law. The division provides advice to our clients on establishing the legal and administrative structures necessary to comply with their obligations under international law, as well as advice on issues related to dispute resolution.
The main purpose of this section is related to the registration, incorporation of companies, liquidation or dissolution. We Advise our clients on the choice of the legal form and the place of registration of their companies and negotiation on share transfer agreements. Our international lawyers advise our clients to establish a company or register a branch of the company in different countries.
Drafting International Contract, Assisting companies in the field of international law, Drafting contract in export and import, Advising on the structure of the business, the various contracts and international conventions as well as all matters relating to commercial law, Advising foreign investors in several areas of law such as business law, intellectual property law, banking law and employment law.
Our International lawyers around the world, allowing us to be able to give advice and consultation to our clients worldwide. The essential components of the division’s activities are negotiation, litigation, expert legal opinion, arbitration and legal research. CIFILE’s Lawyers can provide legal services in several areas of law, including Public or Private international law, real estate, business law, intellectual property and litigation. If you need further assistance or have any inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact our team of experts at email@example.com
Suggested citation: Dr. Abbas Poorhashemi, What is Private international law?, Canadian Institute for International Law Expertise (CIFILE), June 06, 2020, https://cifile.org/2020/06/what-is-private-international-law/.