Canada is among the world’s most welcoming nations for immigrants and has one of the highest per capital admission rates. The government provides immigrants with language training and access to health care and social welfare programs.
Immigration Division in CIFILE has global connection with lawyers and immigration consultants which facilitates to figure out the best category which is matched to your situation through family class, economic class, or refugees and humanitarian class.
The Immigration Division will introduce competent, trustful and licensee lawyers and immigration consultants who will accompany and help you during the whole immigration process. Besides, the division will hold seminars around the world to introduce Canadian Immigration Policy.
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) facilitates the arrival of immigrants, provides protection to refugees, and offers programming to help newcomers settle in Canada. It also grants citizenship, and issues travel documents (such as passports) to Canadians. The main programs to come to Canada are:
- Temporary Residence
- Visitor: This category includes:
- Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) [such as a visitor visa, a study permit, a work permit];
- Visitor Record (for those who are inside Canada with TRV and need to extend it); and
- Parent/ Grandparent Super Visa (for family members to reunite)
- Student: This program is for those students who would like to study in Canada more than six-month. Some foreign nationals do not need a study permit if a program of study is six months or less. An accompanying family member does not need a study permit before entering Canada. They can apply after entry.
- Permanent Residence
There are few categories under which you can apply to immigrate to Canada:
- Family Class: Under this category the following people can be sponsored:
- souses, common-law partner and conjugal partner
- dependent children
- children intended for adoption
- parents, grand-parents, and their dependent children
- brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces, and grandchildren who are orphaned, who are under 18. These people should not be a spouse or common-law partner at the time of application.
- any relative (if the sponsor is alone in Canada with no family members and none of the above-mentioned family members to sponsor)
- Economic Class
Express Entry (EE) is an electronic application management system that has been in place since January 1, 2015. There is a mandatory requirement to apply through EE for the applicants who wish to apply for permanent residence as skilled workers in one of the following sub-classes:
- Federal Skilled Workers (FSW):
Applicants for permanent residence under this category are assessed according to a number of eligibility criteria including education, language, experience, age, and other qualifications required for the Canadian labour market.
- Federal Skilled Trades (FST):
Under this category, applicants may become permanent residents based on their ability to become economically established in Canada as workers in a skilled trade occupation set out in IRPR.
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC):
This class allows graduates from Canadian post-secondary institutions and temporary foreign workers (TFWs) with Canadian experience to become permanent residents.
- Provincial Nominee Program (PNP):
The PNP allows the selected provinces/ territories to accept the application of those foreign nations (for example, students and business immigrants) who meet the specific local labor market and economic needs of that province. Provinces and territories have their own guidelines and criteria.
- Business immigrants:
This category is for the people who stimulate national and regional economic development in Canada using their financial capita and business knowledge and experience. Two main categories under this program are Self-Employed Persons Program and the Start-Up Visa Program:
- Self-Employed Persons Program:
If someone “has relevant experience and has the intention and ability to be self-employed in Canada and to make a significant contribution to specified economic activities in Canada.”
The applicant needs to have at least 2 years of experience (during the period beginning five years before the date of application for a permanent resident visa) in the following fields:
- Cultural activities
- Athletics (at a world-class level)
- Purchase and management of a farm
The following occupations are the examples of the first two categories: illustrators, painters, filmmakers, freelance journalists, music teachers, chirographers, coaches, trainers, set designers, theatrical or musical directors and impresarios.
World-class level means the applicants have performed in cultural or athletic activities in the world of sport known internationally and at the highest level in their filed.
The point system for self-employed applicants is based on the following five factors:
- Language proficiency in English or French
- Adaptability (such as the education of the spouse; previous work in Canada; previous study in Canada; and having family members in Canada)
- Start-Up Visa (SUV) Program:
This program is for those innovative entrepreneurs who can contribute to innovation needs of the Canadian economy. Applicants do not need to invest their money; however, they need to receive support from a designated business organization, such as a business incubator for their innovative business plan in Canada.
Once an applicant is accepted into a Canadian business incubator program, no investment is required, otherwise the applicant must secure the following:
- Minimum investment of $200,000 if the investment comes from one or more designated Canadian venture capital funds, or
- Minimum investment of $75,000 if the investment comes from two or more designated Canadian angel investor groups.
- c) Quebec-selected skilled workers
There is a special agreement between Quebec and Government of Canada on immigration. Quebec province has its own rules for selecting immigrants who will adapt well to living in that French speaking province. Quebec selects the workers and then Canada admits those selected workers wishing to settle in Quebec.
For this purpose, the applicants need to:
- Apply to the Quebec government for a certificate of selection (Certificat de sélection du Québec): Quebec will assess your application using its own rules and then issue a certificate that shows it has accepted you an immigrant
- If Quebec chooses you, apply to Immigration and Refugee and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for permanent residence.